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- Acetic acid is an organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH. It is also known as Ethanoic Acid. It is one of the simplest carboxylic acids and mainly produced as a precursor to poly-vinyl-acetate and cellulose acetate. Acetic acid is an important chemical reagent for both industrial and household purposes.Acetic acid, also known as ethanoic acid, has a molecular formula CH3COOH. It is a weak monoprotic acid which is able to lose a proton from its acid functional group (-COOH) readily and produce a conjugate base, acetate anion.
- Acetic acid is also a polar protic solvent as it dissolves readily and is miscible in other polar solvents such as water. However, its polar nature makes it insoluble and immiscible in non-polar solvents such as octane. Using acetic acid as a starting reagent, it readily forms other organic reagents such as acetyl chloride and ethanol though substitution and reduction reactions respectively.
- Acetic acid can also corrode metals such as iron, magnesium and zinc, forming hydrogen gas and metal acetates. But since aluminum forms a protective layer of aluminum oxide on its surface, it is acid-resistance and hence aluminum tanks are used as an option to transport acetic acid. Alternatively, high-density polyethylene (HDPE) drums can also be used to transport acetic acids as due to their resistivity.